Short biography / timetable
Home and origin 1873 - 1897 To top
1873 Sergei Rachmaninoff is born as the fourth of six children on the Semyonovo estate on March 20 (April 1, new calendar). Moves to the Oneg estate.
1877 First piano lessons with his mother, then with Anna Ornatskaya.
1882 The Rachmaninoffs move to St. Petersburg, Rachmaninoff studies at the conservatory
1885 /1886 Piano lessons with Niklaj Swerew in Moscow. He also takes over Rachmaninoff's education
1886 Attends Anton Rubinstein's historical concerts
1887 First compositions
1888 Pianistic training with Alexander Siloti
1890 Rachmaninoff begins to compose the first piano concerto
1891/1892 Rachmainoff receives diplomas in piano and composition
1893 Premiere of the opera Aleko
1897 Failure of the first symphony. Beginning of a depressive phase. From autumn employment as conductor at the Mamontov Opera. Acquaintance with Shalyapin
Musical development, marriage 1898 - 1907 To top
1898 Meeting with Antonov Chekhov
1899 Concert abroad in London
1900 Treatment by Dr. Nikolay Dahl. He succeeds in restoring Rachmaininoff's self-confidence. Begins work on the 2nd Piano Concerto
1901 First performance of the 2nd Piano Concerto under Siloti
1902 Marriage to his cousin Natalya. Performance of the 2nd Piano Concerto in Vienna and Prague
1903 Birth of daughter Irina
1904 Employment as conductor at the Bolshoi Theater
1905 Signs a resolution for basic civil rights in Russia (together with other musicians)
1906 Premiere of two new operas "The Miserly Knight" and "Francesca of Rimini". Stay or move to Dresden. Begins work on the second symphony and the first piano sonata.
1907 Birth of daughter Tatjana, finishes the second symphony and the first piano sonata.
Highlights of his work 1908 - 1916 To top
1908 World premiere of the second symphony in St.Petersburg. Concert in London, first performance of the first piano sonata.
1909 Completes the symphonic poem "the Isle of the Dead" in Dresden. Appointed vice president of the Russian Music Society (RMO). Returns to Russia, composes the third piano concerto (Ivanovka)
1909/1910 Tours America, premieres the 3rd Piano Concerto under Damrosch in New York.
1911 Etudes Tableux Op. 33. concerto with Scriabin
1912 14 Songs Op. 39 Conductor of the Moscow Philharmonic Society. Stay in Italy with family
1913 Composed "the bells" choral symphony in Rome. 2.piano sonata composed, premiere "bells " in St.Petersburg
1914 Premiere bells in Moscow
1915 Vespers Op.37 composed. First performance in Moscow
1916 66 Songs Op 38, Etudes Tablueax Op39. Death of the father.
America 1917 - 1943 To top
1917 Completion of Etudes Tableaux, sketches of the 4th Piano Concerto, last concert in Russia. Flees to Sweden with his family - Rachmaninoff will not return to Russia.
1918 Concerts in Scandinavia (Copenhagen, Stockholm, Malmö) decision for pianist career. Crossing to America. Contract with Edison Company for concert activities
1919 First recordings and reel-to-reel recordings
1920 Contract with Victor Talking Machine Company
1921 Acquisition of a house in New York. Contacts with relatives in Russia. First letter contacts with Medtner, who leaves Russia via Germany
1922 First post-war concerts in London. Honorary doctorate from the University of Nebraska
1923 Various concerts in the USA and Canada. Meets with members of the Moscow Artists Theater
1924 Concert at the White House before the President. Sponsorship of "Rapsodie in Blue" by Gershwin.
1926 Completion of the 4th piano concerto
1927 First performance of the 4th piano concerto Recordings with Fritz Kreisler. Stay in Dresden and in Switzerland
1928 Horowitz plays Rachmaninoff's. 3rd piano concerto in New York. Meeting of the two for the first time.
1929 Death of mother in Russia
1930 Acquisition of land at Lake Vierwaldstetten (Switzerland), construction of Villa Senar.
1931 Signs letters of protest against the cultural policy of the USSR
1934 Rapsody on a theme by Paganini is written, performed in Baltimore under Leopold Stokowski. Moves into the Villa Senar.
1936 Third Symphony is completed, first performance in Philadelphia under Stokowski.
1938 Revision of the 3rd Symphony
1939 Last concert in Europe (Lucerne, Switzerland), departure from Europe./P>
1940 Symphonic Dances are composed
1941 First performance of Symphonic Dances in Philadelphia under Ormandy, revision of 4th Piano Concerto. Charity concerts for Soviet war victims.
1942 Summers in California, purchases house in Beverly Hills.
1943 Acquires American citizenship, last concert, Rachmaninoff dies in Beverly Hills on March 28. (age 70)
Sources: Sergej Rachmaninow - Andreas Wehmeyer, rororo
Sergej Rachmaninow - Leben und Werk - Ewald Reder, TRIGA